Facilitadores y barreras para la práctica físico-deportiva en alumnado universitario con discapacidad: un estudio cualitativo

Joan Úbeda-Colomer, Pere Molina Alventosa, José Campos Granell

Resumen


Problema: a pesar de los numerosos beneficios que aporta la actividad física a las personas con discapacidad, la tasa de inactividad en este colectivo es muy elevada. Objetivo: explorar, desde un modelo socio-ecológico, los facilitadores y barreras que influyen en la actividad física en tiempo de ocio del alumnado universitario con discapacidad. Metodología: perspectiva metodológica cualitativa. Se entrevistó en profundidad a cinco alumnos universitarios con discapacidad que realizan actividad física en su tiempo de ocio. Resultados: el análisis categorial de contenido realizado muestra facilitadores como el apoyo social, la motivación o el reconocimiento de beneficios, tanto físicos como psicológicos. También se encuentran barreras como la falta de información, los problemas de accesibilidad o la exclusión social. Conclusión: se subraya la necesidad de potenciar los facilitadores y minimizar las barreras identificadas para conseguir una mayor participación de las personas con discapacidad en actividades físicas.


Palabras clave


Promoción de la salud, Actividad física, Deporte, Universidad, Personas con discapacidad.

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Referencias


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