Estudios sobre comportamiento electoral, ¿qué explica la participación en las urnas? Un estado del arte

John Fredy Bedoya Marulanda, Juan Carlos Escobar, Aura Sánchez Parra, Felipe Nieto Palacio

Resumen


El presente artículo presenta un balance de los estudios que analizan la participación electoral, agrupando las dimensiones bajo las cuales se ha estudiado el tema y las evidencias empíricas que las sustentan. El trabajo parte de una comprensión abarcadora que permite evidenciar la complejidad del objeto de estudio, por lo que se enfoca en dar cuenta de la interacción entre las diferentes variables y en exponer los mecanismos explicativos que subyacen a ellas. Esto implica un distanciamiento de análisis convencionales que se concentran en la capacidad predictiva y en la significancia estadística de las variables. Así, se demuestra que no es suficiente abordar la pregunta del comportamiento del elector desde un conjunto de factores separados y se destaca la importancia de la confluencia entre las microvariables y macrovariables a la hora de entender la concurrencia a las urnas.

Palabras clave


Comportamiento Político; Elecciones; Participación Política; Voto; Democracia

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.espo.n54a09 Resumen : 379 HTML : 229 PDF : 85

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