Hernia umbilical: un problema no resuelto

Alejandro Lora-Aguirre, Neil Valentín Vega-Peña, Arnold José Barrios-Parra, Juan Pablo Ruiz-Pineda

Resumen


La cirugía de la hernia umbilical ha sido considerada tradicionalmente como sencilla y de fácil ejecución. El cambio conceptual de la hernia umbilical y los avances en su tratamiento han modificado su abordaje, estableciéndose escenarios de complejidad variable (obesidad, embarazo, cirróticos, distasis de los rectos, etc.) que demandan un conocimiento más profundo del tema por parte de la comunidad médica. El impacto económico en el sistema de salud, debido a su alta prevalencia como patología quirúrgica, implica un uso racional de recursos, así como la necesidad de una nueva categorización dentro de la cirugía de la pared abdominal. Es necesario establecer modificaciones en los procesos diagnósticos y terapéuticos en una entidad que ha sido relegada a los niveles básicos del ejercicio quirúrgico habitual.


Palabras clave


Cirugía; Diagnóstico; Hernia Umbilical; Medicina Basada en Evidencia; Prótesis

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.28 Resumen : 125 PDF : 37

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