Depression and psychoactive substances consumption in Mexican college undergraduates

Francisco Rafael Guzmán Facundo, Sanjuana De Jesús Ramos Luna, María Magdalena Alonso Castillo, Santiaga Enriqueta Esparza Almanza, Karla Selene López García, Cinthya Ibarra Gonzalez

Abstract


Objective. To explore the relationship between risk of depression and psychoactive substances consumption in college undergra­duates. Methodology. Cross sectional descriptive study in which an instrument that included a) sociodemographic variables, b) Beck depression inventory II (BDI-II) and c) questions about psy­choactive substances consumption in life, in the last year and in the last month, was applied to 32 college undergraduates. Re­sults. 52.9% of the students had drunk alcohol and other 33.6% had smoked in the last month. For illicit substances: 3.7% used cocaine, 3.4% marihuana and 0.5% amphetamines. The risk of depression for the sample was: 6.6% had low risk, 3.4% mo­derate and 1.8% severe risk. Significant differences were found between consumers and non consumers DBI-II means in regards to: alcohol, tobacco, marihuana, and any illicit drug. Conclusion. College undergraduates who have consumed alcohol or marihua­na at least once in their life have a higher risk of depression com­pared to non consumers.

 Key words: students; education, higher; depression; drug users; prevalence; alcohol; smoking; street drugs.


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