Thermodynamic and kinetic study of the recovery of tungsten and cobalt from tool waste

Nestor Ricardo Rojas-Reyes, Sebastian Sierra-Perez, Jose Martinez-Zambrano, Hugo Alfonso Rojas-Sarmiento


In the present research work, the recovery of tungsten and cobalt from waste coming from tungsten carbide-cobalt (WC-Co) tools, which are widely used in the metalworking industry, was analyzed. The WC-Co waste was characterized by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with microanalysis (SEM/EDS). The process started with the oxidation of the waste to obtain a mixture of oxides (WO3 and CoWO4). The ΔH and ΔG were calculated both for the oxidation and reduction processes. Thermodynamic and non-isothermal kinetic analyses were carried out to obtain a stability diagram where theoretical and experimental data are defined by transformation lines as a function of temperature; in addition, the apparent activation energy was determined. By a hydrogen reduction process, high-purity tungsten and cobalt in metallic form were obtained.


Cobalt; Non-isothermic kinetics; PTR/OPT; Thermodynamics; Tungsten

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