Absenteeism and productivity: an experience-rating adjustment scheme applied to health insurance in France

Sébastien Ménard, Coralia Quintero

Abstract


In this paper, we analyze the effects of introducing an experience-rating adjustment scheme on employers? contributions to health nsurance. To this end, we develop a search and matching model in a segmented labor market. In the segment with higher-risk jobs, sick leaves are more frequent and thereby average productivity is lower. The model is calibrated to the French economy. Results from the simulations show that the experience-rating policy slightly improves productivity and employment. In quantitative terms, a 1 % variation in the experience-rating rate induces a 0,48 % reduction in the unemployment spell, a 1,07 % reduction in the days of absence, and a 0.1 % increase in productivity. Finally, this policy also leads to a slightly better economic performance compared to health insurance privatization.


Keywords


health insurance; experience rating; productivity; search and matching models

References


Afsa, Cédric & Givord, Pauline (2009). “Le rôle des conditions de travail dans les absences pour maladie: Le cas des horaires irréguliers”, Economie et Prévision, Vol.187, No. 1, pp. 83-103.

Allen, Steven G. (1981). “An empirical model of work attendance”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 77-87.

Andreoni, James & Sprenger, Charles (2012). “Estimating Time Preferences from Convex Budgets”, American Economic Review, Vol. 102, No. 7, pp. 3333-3356.

Barlet, Muriel; Blanchet, Didier; Crusson, Laure; Givord, Pauline; Picart, Claude; Rathelot, Roland & Sillard, Patrick (2007). “Dossier: Flux de main-d’oeuvre, flux d’emplois et internationalisation [Édition: L’économie française – Comptes et dossiers]”, Insee Références, pp. 108-131.

Browning, Martin; Dano, Anne Moller & Heinesen, Eskil (2006). “Job displacement and stress-related health outcomes”, Health Economics, Vol. 15, No. 10, pp. 1061-1075.

Cahuc, Pierre & Le Barbanchon, Thomas (2010). “Labor market policy evaluation in equilibrium: Some lessons of the job search and matching model”, Labour Economics, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 196-205.

Comisión de las Comunidades Europeas (2007). Mejorar la calidad y la productividad en el trabajo: estrategia comunitaria de salud y seguridad en el trabajo (2007-2012). Recuperado de: https://goo.gl/R12c5s (Noviembre 10 de 2016).

Commission des Comptes de la Sécurité Sociale (ccss) (2016). Les comptes de la sécurité sociale. Résultats 2015. Prévisions 2016. Recuperado de : http://www.securite-sociale.fr/IMG/pdf/rapport-ccss-juin2016.pdf (Diciembre 17 2016).

Direction de l’Animation de la Recherche, des Études et des Statistiques (dares) (2013). “Les absences au travail des salariés pour raisons de santé: un rôle important des conditions de travail”, Dares Analyses, No. 009. Recuperado de: http://travail-emploi.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/2013-009.pdf (Noviembre 10 de 2016).

De Raaf, Shawn; Motte, Anne & Vincent, Carole (2005). “A Literature Review of Experience-Rating Employment Insurance in Canada”, SRDC Working Paper Series, 05-03. Social Research and Demonstration Corporation.

Esler, Dietmar (Ed.) (2010), “Economic incentives to improve occupational safety and health: a review from the European perspective”, Working Environment Information. European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. Recuperado de: https://osha.europa.eu/en/tools-andpublications/publications/reports/economic_incentives_TE3109255ENC (Noviembre 4 de 2016).

Hosios, Arthur J. (1990). “On the Efficiency of Matching and Related Models of Search and Unemployment”, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 279–298.

Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (insee) (s.f.). Taux de chômage au sens du BIT - Ensemble - France métropolitaine et DOM - Données CVS. Recuperado de : https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/serie/001688527 (Noviembre 10, 2016).

Joseph, Gilles (2005). “Critères d’attribution des allocations chômage et performances du marché du travail”, Annales d’économie et de statistique, No. 78, pp. 117-141.

Kankaanpää, Eila (2010). “Economic incentives as a policy tool to promote safety and health at work”, Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 319-324.

Katz, Lawrence F. & Meyer, Bruce D. (1990). “The impact of the potential duration of unemployment benefits on the duration of unemployment”, Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 45-72.

Kuhn, Andreas; Lalive, Rafael & Zweimüller, Josef. (2009). “The public health costs of job loss”, Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 28, No. 6, pp. 1099-1115.

Lengagne, Pascale (2016). “Experience Rating and Work-related Health and Safety”, Journal of Labor Research, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 69-97.

Malakoff Médéric (s.f.). Les coûts de l’absentéisme. Recuperado de: https://entreprise-territoire-de-sante.malakoffmederic.com/absenteisme/info/couts-de-l-absenteisme (Noviembre 10 de 2016).

Mansfield, Elizabeth; MacEachen, Ellen; Tompa, Emile; Kalcevich, Christina; Endicottb, Marion & Yeung, Natalie (2012). “A critical review of literature on experience rating in workers’ compensation systems”, Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 3-25.

Monneuse, Denis (2015). L’absentéisme au travail. Afnor Editions.

Petrongolo, Barbara & Pissarides, Christopher A. (2001) “Looking into the black box: A survey of the matching function”, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 39, pp. 390-431.

Pissarides, Christopher A. (1990). Equilibrium Unemployment Theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph (1984). “Equilibrium unemployment as a worker discipline device”, The American Economic Review, Vol. 74, No. 3, pp. 433-444.

Strauss, John & Thomas, Duncan (1998). “Health, nutrition and economic development”, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 766-817.

Organización Internacional del Trabajo (oit) (2009). Día Mundial de la Seguridad y la Salud en el Trabajo 2009. Información sobre seguridad y salud en el trabajo. Recuperado de: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@dgreports/@dcomm/documents/publication/wcms_105149.pdf (Diciembre 20 de 2016).

Ose, Solveig Osborg (2005). “Working conditions, compensation and absenteeism”, Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 161-188.

Van den Berg, Gerard J. (1990), “Nonstationarity in job-search theory”, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 255-277.

Vlassenko, Elisabeth & Willard, Jean-Charles (1984). “Absentéisme: le poids des facteurs collectifs”, Economie et Statistique, Vol. 164, No. 1, pp. 39-51.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n88a01 Abstract : 2124 PDF (Español (España)) : 3367 XML (Español (España)) : 12

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Esta publicación hace parte del Sistema de Revistas de la Universidad de Antioquia
¿Quieres aprender a usar el Open Journal system? Ingresa al Curso virtual
Este sistema es administrado por el Programa Integración de Tecnologías a la Docencia
Universidad de Antioquia
Powered by Public Knowledge Project