External cycles and commodities in Latin America and the Caribbean: a cointegration analysis with breaks

Fernando Delbianco, Andrés Fioriti

Abstract


In this paper, we seek to characterize the relationship between the cyclical behavior of foreign accounts and commodity price indexes for Latin America and the Caribbean. Using several tests of stationarity that allow for the presence of breaks, we conclude that commodity prices are cointegrated with the current accounts in Latin American countries, suggesting that developmentalism plans did not obtain the desired productive diversification and that the region still relies heavily on commodities to determine its foreign position. Another important result supports the findings of Delbianco and Fioriti (2014, 2015) that the region had suffered two sudden stops in the last 60 years, both driven by shifts in commodity prices.


Keywords


external sector; structural breaks; cointegration; Latin America

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.le.n88a02

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