Proteínas relacionadas con el metabolismo del hierro corporal

Vanessa Corrales Agudelo, Beatriz Elena Parra Sosa, Luis Carlos Burgos Herrera

Resumen


Antecedentes: el hierro es uno de los minerales más estudiados; existe amplia información en cuanto a su metabolismo, función, interacciones y regulación; sin embargo, los estudios y análisis realizados se basan en proteínas específicas y pocos integran, en un solo texto, las características de estas moléculas relacionadas con el metabolismo del hierro corporal. Objetivo: profundizar en los aspectos moleculares, metabólicos y de modulación de las proteínas que participan en la homeostasis del hierro y en sus interacciones. Materiales y métodos: se hizo una búsqueda sistemática de información en bases de datos científicas de artículos sobre el tema, publicados entre 2006 y 2016. Resultados: la homeostasis del hierro corporal, es un proceso complejo y altamente regulado por diferentes moléculas que participan de manera integrada en su metabolismo; en los últimos años han surgido nuevas proteínas, algunas de ellas participan en el transporte de otros nutrientes y se les ha encontrado relación con el control humoral y celular del hierro; además, involucran la participación de varios órganos, tejidos y sistemas. Esta revisión incluye proteínas encargadas de facilitar el aprovechamiento biológico del nutriente, así como aquellas que protegen a las células de toxicidad por exceso de este mineral.


Palabras clave


hierro; proteínas de unión al hierro; expresión génica; oxidación-reducción; homeostasis; deficiencia de hierro

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.penh.v18n1a08

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