PRACTICES OF TOBACCO CONSUMPTION AND OTHER DRUGS AMONG STUDENTS OF HEALTH´S SCIENCES OF A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. LIMA –PERÚ

Margot Zárate, Alfonso Zavaleta, Delia Danjoy, Eva Chanamé, Ricardo Prochazka, María Salas, Viviana Maldonado

Abstract


Objectives: to identify tobacco and other drugs use among Health Sciences undergraduates. Methodology and Materials: a descriptive self administered cross sectional survey about 2.074 private students in 9 health careers in Lima. Results and Discussion: the life prevalence (PV) and current tobacco use were 82.0% and 38.7%. Smoking or the desire of smoking was the first thing in the morning for 15.6% of the students. Since 16 years of age 43.8% of them smoke tobacco. Twenty five per cent of them smoked for the first time at a party and 45.8% still smoke at social events. Exposition to environmental smoke outside home was experienced by 68.5%. There was significant association between the smoking habits of parents, brothers and friends and the fact of being smoker or non smoker. Alcohol PV: 94.3%. Marihuana: 16.7%. Cocaine basic paste: 7.5% Cocaine HCL: 7.6%. Conclusions: tobacco and drugs use was widespread among the students. Initiation to smoking occurs during adolescence. There is high environmental exposition to tobacco outside home and parental tobacco use is linked to smoking.


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