Gender Differences in Body Mass Index, Body Weight Perception, weight satisfaction, disordered eating and Weight control strategies among Indian Medical and Nursing Undergraduates

Poreddi Vijayalakshmi, Rohini Thimmaiah, S. Sai Nikhil Reddy, Kathyayani B.V, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Suresh BadaMath

Abstract


Objective. To assess gender disparity in body weight perception, Body Mass Index (BMI),  eight satisfaction and role of depression among undergraduate Medical and Nursing  students.

Methods. A descriptive cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in conveniently selected medical (n=241) and nursing (n=213) students of Bangalore, South India. Data was collected using self-administered SCOFF questionnaires.

Results. Our findings revealed that men had a significantly higher BMI than women (t=5.403, p<0.001). More number of women compared to men, perceived themselves as ver  weight (74.8%) and not satisfied with their weight status (81.6%). More men than women  cored positively for disordered eating behaviors on SCOFF (45.4% vs. 31.1%) and EAT scale (16.5% vs. 8.7%). While, 48.2% of the women practice binge eating, 41.2% of the men practice it (p<0.004); more men (47.4%) than women (25.4%) exercised for more than sixty minutes (p<0.001) to control their weight.

Conclusion.Findings indicate small differences between the genders that have to be taken in  consideration in planning interventional programs to prevent eating disorders in this  copulation. Descriptors: body mass index; weight perception; cross-sectional studies;  students, nursing; students, medical; feeding and eating disorders.

How  to cite this article: Vijayalakshmi  P, Thimmaiah R, Reddy SSN, Kathyayani BV, Gandhi S, Math SB. Gender Differences in Body Mass Index, Body Weight Perception, weight satisfaction, disordered eating and Weight control strategies among Indian Medical and Nursing Undergraduates. Invest. Educ. Enferm. 2017; 35(3):276-284.


Full Text:

PDF ENGLISH VIDEO

References


(1) Quick VM, Byrd-Bredbenner C. Disturbed eating behaviours and associated psychographic characteristics of college students. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2013; 26(Suppl 1):53-63.

(2) Meulemans S, Pribis P, Grajales T, Krivak G. Gender Differences in Exercise Dependence and Eating Disorders in Young Adults: A Path Analysis of a Conceptual Model. Nutrients. 2014; 6(11):4895-905.

(3) Crow SJ, Peterson CB, Swanson SA, Raymond NC, Specker S, Eckert ED, et al. Increased mortality in bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Am. J. Psychiatry. 2009; 166(12):1342-6.

(4) APA. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-5. Washington, D.C: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

(5) Striegel-Moore RH, Bulik CM. Risk factors for eating disorders. Am. Psychol. 2007; 62(3):181-98.

(6) Sirang Z, Bashir HH, Bilal J, Khan SH, Hussain SA, Baig A, et al. Weight patterns and perceptions among female university students of Karachi: a cross sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13:230.

(7) Matthiasdottir E, Jonsson SH, Kristjansson AL. Body weight dissatisfaction in the Icelandic adult population: a normative discontent? Eur. J.Public Health. 2012; 22(1):116-21.

(8) Markham L. Current findings on males with eating disorders. Adv. Eat. Disord. 2015; 3(3):340-1.

(9) Liao Y, Liu T, Cheng Y, Wang J, Deng Y, Hao W, et al. Changes in eating attitudes, eating disorders and body weight in Chinese medical university students. Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry. 2013; 59(6):578-85.

(10) Chandra PS, Abbas S, Palmer R. Are eating disorders a significant clinical issue in urban India? a survey among psychiatrists in Bangalore. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 2012; 45(3):443-6.

(11) Prasad V, Kanimozhy K, Venkatachalam J, Madhanraj K, Singh Z. Body shape dissatisfaction and overweight noesis among polytechnic college students in Puducherry-A cross sectional study. 2015. Int. J. Indian Psychol. 2015; 2(4):44-52.

(12) Ramaiah RR. Eating disorders among medical students of a rural teaching hospital: a crosssectional study. Int. J. Community Med. Public Health. 2015; 2(1):25-8.

(13) Singh Mannat M, Parsekar SS, Bhumika T. Body Image, Eating Disorders and Role of Media among Indian Adolescents. J. Indian Assoc. Child Adolesc. Ment. Health 2016; 12(1):9-35.

(14) Tremblay L, Limbos M. Body image disturbance and psychopathology in children: research evidence and implications for prevention and treatment. Curr. Psychiatry Rev. 2009; 5(1):62- 72.

(15) Morgan JF, Reid F, Lacey JH. The SCOFF questionnaire: assessment of a new screening tool for eating disorders. BMJ. 1999; 319(7223):1467-8.

(16) Berger U, Wick K, Holling H, Schlack R, Bormann B, Brix C, et al. Screening of disordered eating in 12-Year-old girls and boys: psychometric analysis of the German versions of SCOFF and EAT-26 Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 2011; 61(7):311-8.

(17) Garner DM, Olmsted MP, Bohr Y, Garfinkel PE. The eating attitudes test: psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychol. Med. 1982; 12(4):871-8.

(18) Mak K-K, Lai C-M. Assessment of Dietary Restraint: Psychometric Properties of the Revised Restraint Scale in Hong Kong Adolescents. Int. J Behav. Med. 2012;19(2):199-207.

(19) Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JB. Validation and utility of a self-report version of PRIME-MD: The PHQ primary care study. Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders. Patient Health Questionnaire. JAMA. 1999; 282(18):1737-44.

(20) Forrester-Knauss C, Zemp Stutz E. Gender differences in disordered eating and weight dissatisfaction in Swiss adults: Which factors matter? BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):1-9.284

(21) Kuan PX, Ho HL, Shuhaili MS, Siti AA, Gudum HR. Gender differences in body mass index, body weight perception and weight loss strategies among undergraduates in Universiti Malaysia Sarawak. Malays J. Nutr. 2011;17(1):67-75.

(22) Yost J, Krainovich-Miller B, Budin W N, R. Assessing weight perception accuracy to promote weight loss among U.S. female adolescents: a secondary analysis. BMC Public Health. 2010;9(10):465.

(23) Lee J, Lee Y. The association of body image distortion with weight control behaviors, diet behaviors, physical activity, sadness, and suicidal ideation among Korean high school students: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2015;16:39.

(24) Ojala K VC, Välimaa R, Currie C, Villberg J, Tynjälä J, Kannas L. Attempts to lose weight among overweight and non-overweight adolescents: a cross-national survey. Int. J. Behav. Nutr. Phys. Act. 2007;14(4):50.

(25) Millstein RA, Carlson SA, Fulton JE, Galuska DA, Zhang J, Blanck HM, et al. Relationships Between Body Size Satisfaction and Weight Control Practices Among US Adults. Medscape J. Med. 2008;10(5):119.

(26) Memon AA AS-R, Siddiqui EU, Naeem SS, Ali SA, Mehmood K. Eating disorders in medical students of Karachi, Pakistan-a cross-sectional study. BMC Res. Notes. 2012; 5:84.

(27) Lipson SK, Sonneville KR. Eating disorder symptoms among undergraduate and graduate students at 12 U.S. colleges and universities. Eat. Behav. 2017; 24:81-8.

(28) Striegel-Moore RH, Rosselli F, Perrin N, DeBar L, Wilson GT, May A, et al. Gender difference in the prevalence of eating disorder symptoms. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 2009; 42(5):471-4.

(29) Tsai SA, Lv N, Xiao L, Ma J. Gender Differences in Weight-Related Attitudes and Behaviors Among Overweight and Obese Adults in the United States. Am. J. Mens. Health. 2016; 10(5):389-98.

(30) Stewart M-C, Keel PK, Schiavo RS. Stigmatization of anorexia nervosa. Int. J. Eat. Disord. 2006; 39(4):320-5.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17533/udea.iee.v35n3a04 Abstract : 890 PDF : 1219 ENGLISH : 148 VIDEO : 103

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Esta publicación hace parte del Sistema de Revistas de la Universidad de Antioquia
¿Quieres aprender a usar el Open Journal system? Ingresa al Curso virtual
Este sistema es administrado por el Programa Integración de Tecnologías a la Docencia
Universidad de Antioquia
Powered by Public Knowledge Project