Typology of Metaphors: Implications for Translation

Michele Prandi

Resumen


Abstract:

There are many different kinds of metaphor, with different grammatical, conceptual and semantic properties. Each of them represents specific problems to the translator. The purpose of this article is to draw attention to these different kinds of metaphor and to their properties, and to underline those that could be a challenge for translation.
Keywords:
metaphor, translation problems, translator choices.

Resumen :

Existen diferentes tipos de metáforas, con diferentes propiedades gramaticales, conceptuales y semánticas. Cada una de ellas representa problemas específicos para el traductor. El propósito de este artículo es llamar la atención sobre estos diferentes tipos de metáforas y sobre sus propiedades, centrándonos en aquellos que podrían representar un desafío para el traductor.
Palabras clave : metáfora, problemas de traducción, decisiones del traductor.

Résumé:

Il existe différents types de métaphores, avec des différentes caractéristiques grammaticales, conceptuelles et sémantiques. Chacune représente des problèmes spécifiques pour le traducteur. Le but de cet article est d'attirer l'attention sur ces métaphores et sur ses propriétés, et de nous centrer sur celles qui représentent un défi pour le traducteur.
Mots clé:
métaphore, problèmes de traduction, décisions du traducteur.

Resumo:

Existem diferentes tipos de metáforas, com diferentes propriedades gramaticais, conceituais e semânticas. Cada uma delas representa problemas específicos para o tradutor. O propósito deste artigo é chamar a atenção sobre estes diferentes tipos de metáforas e sobre suas propriedades, centrando-nos naqueles que poderiam representar um desafio para o tradutor.
Palavras-chave: metáfora, problemas de tradução, decisões do tradutor.


Texto completo:

PDF PDF (English)

Referencias


Aristotle, Poetics. Engl. transl. by W. Hamilton Fyfe: The Poetics, London - Cambridge/Mass.: The Loeb Classical Library, 1973.

De interpretatione. Engl. transl. by H. P. Cook: The Categories; On Interpretation, London - Cambridge/Mass.: The Loeb Classical Library, 1962

Black, M. (1954): 1954(1962) “Metaphor”, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 55, 273 - 294. Repr. in M. Black, Models and Metaphors, Ithaca – London: Cornell University Press: 25-47.

Blum-Kulka, S. (1986): “Shifts in Cohesion and Coherence in Translation”, in J. House et al. (eds.), Interlingual and Intercultural Communication: Discourse and Cognition in Translation and Second Language Aquisition Studies, Tübingen: Narr: 17-35.

Blumenberg, H. (1960): Paradigmen zu einer Metaphorologie, Bonn: Bouvier und Co.

Chomsky, N. A. (1965): Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, Cambridge / Mass: The M.I.T. Press.

Dumarsais, C. (1730(1988)): Des tropes, ou des différents sens, Paris : Flammarion.

Fontanier, P. (1968): Les figures du discours. Paris: Flammarion. Contains: Manuel classique pour l’étude des tropes (1821. 4th edition, 1830) and Traité général des figures de discours autres que les tropes (1827).

Genette, G. (1968): “Introduction”, in Fontanier, P., Les figures du discours. Paris: Flammarion: 5-17.

Gibbs R. W. (1994): The Poetics of Mind, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gibbs, R. W. (ed., 2008): The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Groupe μ (1970): Rhétorique générale, Larousse: Paris.

Husserl, E. (1901(1970)): Logische Untersuchungen. Band 1: Halle 1900; Band II: Halle 1901. Rev. edition: Band 1 (Prolegomena), Band II, 1° Teil (Res. I - V), Halle 1913; Band II, 2° Teil (Res. VI), Halle 1921. Critical edition: Husserliana, Vol. XVIII (1975) - XIX, I - II (1984), The Hague: Nijoff,. Engl. transl.: Logical Investigations, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Jäkel, O. (1999): “Kant, Blumenberg, Weinrich: Some forgotten contributions to the cognitive theory of metaphor”, in R. W. Gibbs, G. J, Steen (eds.), Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Jacobson, R. (1966): “A la recherche de l‟essence du langage”, Diogène 51: 22-38.

Kant (1763(1992)): Versuch den Begriff der negativen Größen in die Weltweisheit zu führen, Königsberg. Repr. in Immanuel Kants Werke, Band II, Berlin 1912. Engl. transl.: “Attempt to introduce the concept of negative magnitudes into philosophy”, in The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immauel Kant, Theoretical Philosophy, 1755-1770, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Karttunen, L. (1969): “Discourse Referents”, Working Paper, International Conference of Computational Linguistics, Stockholm.

Klaudy, K. (1998), “Explicitation”, in M. Baker (ed.), Routledge encyclopedia of translation studies, London/New York: Routledge: 80-84.

Kövecses, Z. (2000): Metaphor and Emotion: Language, Culture and Body in Human Feeling, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lakoff, G. & Johnson. M. (1980): Metaphors we Live by, Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press.

Lakoff, G. & Turner, M. (1989): More than Cool Reason, Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press.

Landheer, R. (2002): “La métaphore, une question de vie ou de mort?”, Semen 15: 25-40.

Leech, G. N. (1969): ): A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry, London: Longman.

Locke, J. (1689(1975)): An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, London. New Ed., Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lyons, J. (1963): Structural Semantics, Oxford: Blackwell.

Porzig, W. (1934): “Wesenhafte Bedeutungsbeziehungen”, Beiträge zur deutschen Sprache und Literatur 58: 70-97.

Prandi, M. (1992): Grammaire philosophique des tropes, Paris: Les Editions de Minuit.

Prandi, M. (2004): The Building Blocks of Meaning, Amsterdam – Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

Prandi, M. (2007): “Works preliminary to translation”, in A. Baicchi (ed.), Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica Applicata XXXIX, 1-2: Voices on Translation. Linguistic, Multimedia and Cognitive Perspectives: 33-59.

Prandi, M. & Caligiana, E. (2007): “Métaphores dans le lexique: verbes appropriés et supports de noms de sentiments”, in A. Grezka & F. Martin-Berthet (eds.), Verbum XXIX, 1-2, Verbes et classes sémantiques: 127-142.

Quintilianus, Institutio Oratoria. Engl. transl. by H. E. Butler, Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge/ Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1920.

Richards, I. A. (1936): The Philosophy of Rhetoric, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ricoeur, P. (1975(1978)): La métaphore vive, Paris: Editions du Seuil. Engl. Transl.: The Rule of Metaphor: Multi-Disciplinary Studies in the Creation of Meaning in Language, University of Toronto Press: Toronto.

Saussure, F. de (1916(1974)): Cours de linguistique générale, Paris: Payot. Critical edition by T. de Mauro, Paris: Payot, 1972. Engl. transl.: Course in General Linguistics, London: Fontana / Collins.

Semino, E. & Steen, G. (2008): “Metaphor in Literature”, in Gibbs (ed., 2008): 232-246.

Sperber, D. & Wilson, D. (1986): Relevance. Communication and Cognition, Oxford: Blackwell.

Sperber, D. & Wilson, D. (1986a): “Façons de parler”, Cahiers de linguistique française 7: 9-41.

Sperber, D. & Wilson, D. (2008): “A deflationary account of metaphor” in Gibbs (ed., 2008): 84-105.

Spinolo, N. & Garwood, Ch. J. (2010): “To kill or not to kill: Metaphors in simultaneous interpreting”, FORUM, International journal of interpretation and translation VIII (1): 181-211.

Sweetster, E. (1990): From Etymology to Pragmatics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Todorov, T. (1970(1979)): “Synecdoques”, Communications 16. Repr. in Todorov, T., W. Empson, J. Cohen, G. Hartman & F. Rigolot (eds.), Semantique de la poésie, Paris: Editions du Seuil: 7-26.

Trier, J. (1932(1973)): “Sprachliche Felder”, Zeitschrift für Deutsche Bildung 8. Repr. in J. Trier, Aussätze und Vorträge zur Wortfeldtheorie, Herausgegeben von A. van der Lee & O. Reichmann, The Hague – Paris: Mouton: 93-109.

Vendler, Z. (1970): “Say what you think”, in J. Cown (ed.), Studies in Thought and Language, Tucson: The University of Arizona Press: 79-97.

Vinay, J.-P. & Darbelnet, J. (1958): Stylistque comparée du français et de l’anglais. Methode de traduction. Paris: Didier.

Vinsauf, G. de: “Poetria Nova”, in E. Faral, Les arts poétiques du XIIe et du XIIIe siècles, Paris: Champion 1924.

Weinrich, H. (1958): “Münze und Wort. Untersuchungen an einem Bildfeld”, Romanica. Festschrift Rohlfs, Halle: Niemeyer: 508-521.

Weinrich, H. (1963): “Semantik der kühnen Metapher”, Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 37: 325-344.

Weinrich, H. (1964): “Typen der Gedächtnismetaphorik”, Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte IX: 23-26.

Weinrich, H. (1967): «Semantik der Metapher», Folia Linguistica 1.




Copyright (c)

Esta publicación hace parte del Sistema de Revistas de la Universidad de Antioquia
¿Quieres aprender a usar el Open Journal system? Ingresa al Curso virtual
Este sistema es administrado por el Programa Integración de Tecnologías a la Docencia
Universidad de Antioquia
Powered by Public Knowledge Project